Chronic prostatitis is a long-term inflammatory process localized in the tissues of the prostate gland, which leads to a violation of its functional activity. This disease is widespread among men. If left untreated, it can cause secondary inflammation of other organs of the genitourinary system, the development of erectile dysfunction and infertility. In this article, we discuss chronic prostatitis in men in terms of symptoms and treatment.
Clinical picture in chronic prostatitis
The main symptom of chronic prostatitis is constant pain. Pain syndrome is localized in the perineum, inguinal and suprapubic region. It intensifies at the beginning and end of urination, at the time of and after ejaculation, with a prolonged absence of sexual intercourse. The intensity of pain varies for each individual patient. Some men indicate moderate discomfort, others speak of quite intense pain.
Another characteristic symptom is an increased urge to urinate. A sick man indicates that the desire to urinate has become more frequent. In this case, the process of urinating is accompanied by pain. The patient has to make an effort to initiate mimicry. The stream of urine becomes weaker and intermittent, there is always a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
Chronic inflammation of the prostate gland is often accompanied by impaired sexual function. Patients with this disease may indicate a weak erection, premature ejaculation, decreased libido, frequent nocturnal erections, etc. All this has an extremely negative effect on the psychological state of a man.
During the period of exacerbation, the clinical picture is supplemented by a violation of the general condition. Symptoms such as weakness and decreased performance, loss of appetite and a slight increase in body temperature may join.
Principles of treatment of chronic prostatitis.
First of all, in chronic prostatitis, antibacterial drugs are prescribed, selected based on the sensitivity of the pathogen. The course of antibiotic therapy is at least two weeks.
You can stop the pain syndrome with the help of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Restore urodynamics will help taking alpha-blockers.
It should be noted that any medication can be used only as prescribed by a doctor.
In chronic inflammation, one of the main points of treatment is prostate massage. However, it is strictly contraindicated in acute inflammatory processes.
In addition, several physiotherapeutic methods, such as magnetotherapy or electrophoresis, have proven effective in the treatment of chronic prostatitis.
In the event that any complications have developed, the issue of surgical intervention, for example, transurethral resection of the prostate, can be decided.