Prostatitis- the collective name of a whole group of diseases in which there is an acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland. Stress, physical inactivity (sedentary work, lack of sports), bacterial infections are the main causes of prostatitis, but not the only ones. An important role is played by the psychosomatic factor and individual predisposition, to the point that in recent years the possibility of treating prostatitis with the help of technology has been seriously considered.gene editing(gene editing), as indicated in the current study.
It is important to correctly determine the type of prostatitis and its cause - 90% of the success of treatment depends on this and how quickly a man will recover. Acute prostatitis requires urgent medical attention. If the disease is caused by stagnant processes in the tissues of the prostate gland (a sedentary lifestyle, irregular sex), such prostatitis can be treated at home. However, we once again emphasize that all the activities that we will consider in this article will not replace the individually selected competent recommendations of a urologist, they can only improve the quality of life. In the medical classification, there are more than 50 varieties of prostatitis: if it is appropriate to fight the disease with a course of antibiotics in case of bacterial inflammation of the prostate, in other cases this will lead to the fact that the man will lose time and lead the body to a state of high vulnerability to other diseases. Let's find out.
Symptoms of prostatitis
Prostatitis refers to diseases that can develop in the early stages.asymptomatically. Then the man can visually notice any suspicious increase in the size of the prostate gland. The urge to urinate appears more often, while there is incomplete emptying of the bladder, pain, decreased libido. Prostatitis even changes the character: from active, cheerful and self-confident, a man becomes anxious and depressed.
It is important not to neglect the help of a urologist, competently prescribed therapy. Testing is sometimes necessary to differentiate infectious prostatitis and identify the pathogen, which may be Pseudomonas aeruginosa (E. coli and P. aeruginosa), Enterococci, Staphylococci (E. fecalis and S. spp), Enterobacteriaceae (Enterobacteriaceae), Candida fungi (Candida), as well as sexually transmitted infections (herpes, HPV). Immediately after that, it becomes clear which agent and what it means to fight. Therefore, it is recommended to start the treatment of prostatitis at home after the initial consultation with a urologist.
Common symptoms of prostatitis
- Prostate enlargement.
- Pain and discomfort in the prostate gland occur due to compression of the nerve endings by the enlarged prostate tissue.
- Problems with urination, pain during urination, urinary retention with a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder - often leads to sleep disturbances, a man cannot fully relax.
- Sexual dysfunction: occurs as a consequence.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis
Everything is the same, but the clinical picture is more pronounced:
- Severe pain in the groin and prostate gland – can radiate to other parts of the body, such as the lower back.
Acute infectious prostatitis requires urgent medical attention.Problems with urination, up to their complete cessation, lead to intoxication of the body. And a complication like a prostate abscess requires surgical intervention.
Causes of prostatitis
It is important to understand what causes prostatitis in order to determine its type and choose the appropriate treatment. Many options:
- Bacterial infection (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, staphylococci);
- viral infection (herpes);
- STIs, STDs (chlamydia, gonococcus);
- Reduced testosterone levels - leads to frequent exacerbations of the disease;
- Hypodynamia (syndrome of a programmer, manager);
- Psychosomatic disorders: chronic stress, feeling of dissatisfaction, disappointment;
- The frequency of sexual intercourse - prolonged abstinence leads to stagnant processes in the tissues of the prostate.
At the same time, according to the dataNCBI, unprotected sex (not counting family life), excessive sexual activity and frequent change of partners also cause the development of prostatitis.
Acute infectious prostatitisassociated with bacterial or viral infection, STI.
chronic prostatitis- associated with bacterial-type inflammation of the prostate or is the result of prolonged and slow inflammation in the tissues. Prostatitis becomes chronic, occasionally reminding of itself, as a result of illiterate or late treatment.
It is important to distinguish between prostatitis andprostate adenomasThese diseases are often confused. If the basis of prostatitis is an inflammatory process, then the prostate adenoma is a benign prostatic hyperplasia, which leads mainly to a violation of urination.
Treatment of prostatitis at home.
Mild abacterial prostatitis can be treated with lifestyle changes. Only a urologist can select drugs if necessary after studying the anamnesis and medical history. Today, various over-the-counter medications for prostatitis are advertised as frequently as manicures, shampoos, and eye patches. Be careful: prostatitis is still a serious disease, the formidable complication of which is prostate abscess and male infertility. If you don't know what you don't know what to deal with for a long time, you can waste your time.
Usually such a massage is performed by a urologist on an outpatient basis - a special massage technique for prostatitis is taught at medical universities and advanced training courses, so the effectiveness of this conservative method is quite high - the patient feel better after 1 session, and the course relieves pathological symptoms.
If there is no opportunity to visit a urologist, which is especially important now, during the quarantine isolation period, you can try to do an external prostate massage yourself, it is important to do it carefully and carefully. External prostate massage is less effective than rectal massage, however, if done correctly and regularly, it will help reduce stagnant processes in the tissues and improve blood circulation.
The massage is done manually with gentle circular movements without strong pressure. Also, you can use a special massager or roll a tennis ball for 20-30 minutes.
In order for home massage with prostatitis to have a beneficial effect and not cause harm, it is important to know the location of the prostate gland and be sure to take it into account.contraindications!
Prostate massage should not be performed with:
- acute prostatitis;
- Signs of malignant processes;
- The presence of cysts and stones in the prostate.
You can consult a urologist beforehand.
Usually, patients with prostatitis undergo a special physiotherapy course in a medical institution on an outpatient basis, however, in the absence of other contraindications (of the musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system), some exercises can be performed at home:
squats- the most effective exercise that restores blood circulation in the pelvic organs. You can squat with weights, as well as lunges and jumping jacks. It is not necessary to do all 100 squats at once, it can be divided into 2-3 calls. Squats should be deep, with your feet firmly planted on the ground.
Raise legs straight lying face down(20 times).
Exercise "scissors"(cross your legs on the weight) in a sitting position, with your hands behind your back (20 times).
Walking– ordinary walk in the fresh air (3-5 km).
You can choose other exercises as you like, the goal is to improve blood circulation in the lower body and not hurt yourself.
To improve the circulation of lymph and blood, warm baths (no more than 43 °C) are useful. Phytocollections of medicinal herbs should be added to the water, which you can buy at a pharmacy. An additional relaxing effect will also have a beneficial effect on the body. Take a bath for 25 minutes.
In order for the lymph and blood in a man's body to circulate better, it is recommended to periodically take warm baths. The water should not be more than 43 ° C, and the session time is a quarter of an hour. Instead of water, you can pour hot decoctions of medicinal herbs into the bath.
The use of baths is allowed only in the absence of elevated body temperature.
Nutrition should be balanced, saturated with protein, without cholesterol. It is helpful to include a handful of pumpkin seeds, fresh berries and honey in your daily diet.
It is important to take all of these recommendations into account in combination with therapy (including medication) prescribed by a doctor. For example, the standard treatment regimen for chronic bacterial prostatitis includes antibiotics, NSAIDs, and sometimes antidepressants.