Treatment of prostatitis in men: how and how to treat inflammation of the prostate gland.

Today, the treatment of prostatitis is a big problem for doctors around the world, because the disease is complex and insidious.

A man with prostatitis in a consultation with a urologist.

Prostatitis can affect only the stronger sex, although some do not even know to some extent which doctor treats prostatitis.

Regardless of age, if a man is concerned about discomfort or there are similar signs, he should immediately contact a specialist.By communicating with a medical institution in time, the treatment of prostatitis in men will not cause any difficulties.

Types of prostatitis and their signs.

Depending on the area of the disease, prostatitis can be divided into 2 main types:

  1. Infection in the prostate in men, which guarantees the course of the disease mainly in the pelvic area.
  2. Congestive prostatitis, which directly affects the prostate gland.

The forms of the course of the disease can be of 3 types:

  • chronic bacterial (treated with physiotherapy and symptomatic therapy);
  • chronic abacterial (prostatitis is treated depending on the reasons that caused it);
  • exacerbation of a chronic form (treated with antibiotics).

The following factors can be considered signs of the development of prostate disease in men:

  • violation of the urination process;
  • sexual dysfunction;
  • sharp pains in the lower abdomen, in the scrotum;
  • discomfort in the perineum;
  • change in the amount of ejaculation.

Almost all types of disease occur mainly without clinical symptoms, but in a situation with chronic prostatitis, a prolonged course of the disease is observed. Treatment of prostatitis should be prescribed only by a practicing urologist based on the results of approved tests.

All the nuances associated with acute clinical symptoms can be based on various factors, such as:

  • how long a neglected illness lasts;
  • the level of the inflammatory process;
  • Is there any pathology in this area?
  • regularity of sexual activity.
Sexual dysfunction in a man is one of the signs of the development of prostatitis.

These questions are important because the signs of the development of the disease are quite similar to the appearance of other diseases in this area.

Causes and risk factors

There are several main reasons for the development of such a disease:

  • a sedentary lifestyle, mainly for managers and civil servants, some civil servants;
  • dysfunction of the circulatory system;
  • low immunity;
  • constant stress and systematic psychological stress;
  • frequent and severe hypothermia, especially for those who like skiing and similar sports;
  • prolonged lack of sexual activity;
  • various sexually transmitted infections (mycoplasmosis, herpes, chlamydia, fungi, Trichomonas, Escherichia coli);
  • violation of the hormonal background of the body;
  • vitamin and mineral deficiency.
Stress can lead to prostatitis in a man.

Symptoms of prostatitis.

Most of the time, the disease progresses with pronounced symptoms, so it will not be so difficult to notice it in time. Symptoms of the disease are as follows:

  • violation of potency;
  • pain in the perineum;
  • discomfort in the anal area;
  • frequent urination accompanied by pain;
  • temperature rise;
  • an increase in the level of sweating.

In no case should you delay the treatment of the prostate in men, since in addition to various painful sensations, prostatitis also reduces the level of blood circulation in the genitals, which impairs the ability of sperm to mature.

If a man shows one of the above symptoms, this may be due to individual characteristics or the development of other diseases. Often when inflammation of the prostate occurs in men, the symptoms manifest themselves and aggravate each other.

Prostatitis manifests itself by frequent urination.

In the case of chronic prostate diseases, the symptoms are the same, but in a less expressive way. But the danger of the disease spreading to a chronic form is that in times of crisis, the condition will deteriorate dramatically. In addition to the main symptoms, the following can be added:

  • a constant feeling of a full bladder;
  • discharge from the urethra during bowel movements;
  • severe irritability;
  • lack of orgasm.

Lack of timely proper treatment leads to the development of such complications:

  • recurrent cystitis;
  • suppuration of the prostate (can only be corrected by surgery);
  • bladder obstruction;
  • the development of infertility;
  • narrowing of the urogenital canal;
  • renal insufficiency;
  • sepsis and complications that threaten life and health;
  • development of kidney failure.
A man has complications from prostatitis.

Prostatitis, which has not been treated, can lead to the following complications:

  • development of vesiculitis or inflammation in one or two seminal vesicles at a time;
  • inflammation of the seminal tubercle;
  • the formation of stones in the prostate gland.

One of the most unpleasant complications is prostatic sclerosis, that is. The disease has been developing for a long time and becomes somewhat complex, but the symptoms by which it can be identified appear much later. Therefore, it cannot be determined without a special medical examination.

Some advanced forms of the disease can cause a complete lack of sexual desire. That is, to a deterioration in the work of the receptors responsible for sexual life and sexual arousal, a decrease in the level of hormones.

Modern diagnosis and treatment.

This problem cannot be solved on its own, therefore, if noticeable symptoms are found, it is worth contacting a urologist as soon as possible.

Medications for treatment are different and are selected according to the individual physiological characteristics of the patient.

Treatment of prostatitis should not be done alone, at home.

Modern methods of treatment and diagnosis almost accurately determine the disease and the degree of development.

Often the first thing that a urologist prescribes for the treatment of prostatitis is urinalysis using several samples, bacteriological examination of the urine and secretions of the prostate gland, which will provide an accurate picture of the location of the infection of the prostate gland. Urinary tract.

Ultrasound of the prostate and pelvic organs.

In addition, it is very important to undergo a digital test examination of the prostate gland, which cannot be considered particularly pleasant for a man, but to determine the disease is quite informative in nature. In some unclear cases, the urologist may instruct the patient to study the enzymes of the prostate gland, an ultrasound examination of the prostate and the pelvic organs, as well as computed or nuclear-magnetic tomography, cystoscopy, and urography. All the above tests will correctly determine the treatment of prostatitis.

At the time of diagnosis by a specialist, you must completely exclude the possibility of developing benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostate cancer in the human body.

To temporarily relieve pain, you need to know how and how to treat the disease. Preparations from the group of painkillers, as well as hot baths, will be very effective for the treatment of prostatitis.

Many today wonder how to treat prostatitis in men. If a urologist diagnoses a man with bacterial prostatitis, antibiotics will be prescribed without fail, which are selected in an individual specific case by bacteriological inoculation of secretions into nutrient media and determining the sensitivity of the pathogen to chemotherapy drugs.

For the treatment of non-bacterial prostatitis, only anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed.

The direct process of treatment and its duration, effectiveness directly depend on the treatment of prostatitis, which the doctor correctly chooses, and on the timely treatment of the medical institution.
The prescribed treatment must be carried out responsibly and in its entirety, otherwise there will be no expected effect. The treatment process should be complex, most often the following measures and drugs are prescribed:

  1. Prostate gland massage procedures.
  2. Physiotherapy procedures.
  3. Improvement and correction of the immune system.
  4. Various antibacterial drugs.
Medicines for the treatment of prostatitis.

But in any case, at first, antibiotics eliminate a pronounced inflammatory process. The most common are fluoroquinolones and many others, which belong to the group of agents that penetrate prostate tissue.

Also, in some rare cases, penicillins or macrolide medications may be prescribed to treat prostatitis.

To reduce pain, patients are prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

In the course of the diagnostics and analyzes carried out, infectious diseases of the genital canal can be detected. To cure them, specific therapeutic measures are required.

If only antibacterial treatment of prostatitis is carried out, ignoring the complex of other measures, the pathogen will not disappear, the symptoms will simply disappear, and the disease may continue in a latent form.

No matter how insignificant it may seem, but the main influence in the treatment of prostatitis is the prostate massage procedures, although they are so intolerant for a man.

Massage significantly improves the level of blood circulation, allowing you to get rid of suppuration and speed up the healing process. In addition, the massage allows the active substances of the drugs to penetrate better into the tissues of the prostate.

Almost all prescribed therapeutic procedures are aimed at improving blood circulation in the prostate area:

  1. Hot herbal baths.
  2. Magnetotherapy.
  3. Electrophoresis.

And, of course, immuno-corrective therapy is prescribed in the form of fortifying drugs and special vitamin complexes. Almost always, experts recommend dietary nutrition and lifestyle changes: it is precisely the rejection of bad habits and strict adherence to the diet that will greatly help to improve the patient's condition and, most importantly, to overcome a disease such as prostatitis.

A man takes a drug prescribed by a urologist for prostatitis.

If you wish, you can pay attention to the methods of alternative medicine, which has a large number of recipes on how to cope with prostatitis. Prostatitis, which will be treated at home, may not be completely cured.

To relieve pain and relieve some of the symptoms, decoctions, suppositories, and tinctures of medicinal herbs are used. But even in this case, it is recommended to first consult with a urologist.

Actually, to protect himself, a man should not take any preventive measures, just take a responsible and careful approach to his lifestyle and health.

According to the advice and recommendations of specialists, not much is needed for this:

  1. Regular sexual life, which ensures ejaculation, as prevention of prostatitis.
  2. It is optimal to have a permanent partner and in all possible ways avoid promiscuous sexual relations, which only stimulate the development of this type of disease.
  3. In the event of possible casual sex, be sure to wear protective gear.
  4. Small and constant physical activity is good for prevention, especially for those whose profession is associated with a sedentary lifestyle.
  5. Try to avoid hypothermia.
  6. Timely treatment of prostatitis and urogenital infections.
  7. Rejection of bad habits and the wrong lifestyle.
  8. A healthy diet and normal sleep patterns.
  9. Systematic visits to the urologist.

Prevention will allow a man to protect himself from such an insidious and unpleasant disease as prostatitis.

A little conclusion

Remember that despite the rather long period of treatment for prostatitis, a positive result can be achieved, and you just need to strive to achieve your goal. Be healthy!